Innovation has contributed to every sector of our lives. The cycle of innovation is so fast that it has now become difficult to incorporate all the changes in our daily routine. Technology is one of the most targeted segments of innovation. It has prospered over the years. Many new things came into being, and so many have become extinct. The latest technology, which is driving the human race crazy is the evolution of smartphones.
From small flat screens to large curved mobile phones, a lot has been made to date. Each version of the mobile phone comes up with a great set of features. The usefulness of a smartphone is measured by the number of features and type of operating system it supports. Many people find one operating system to be easier and beneficial while some people find the other to be the best match. The preferences usually differ based on the needs and requirements of the users. This aims to the diversity that smartphones offer and how these systems cater to the various needs of the users.
In this virtually driven world, new mobile apps and processes are being developed every fortnight. With great innovation, mobile apps have made humans dependent on them for basic communication and entertainment. Even businesses have opted for an easy way of reaching people, i.e. through mobile apps, because this is the key to growth. It won’t be wrong to say that mobile applications have revolutionized the world we know. No matter what task we need to get done, mobile applications are there to cater to our needs.
Evolution of Mobile Apps:
Mobile Apps are being developed and launched every now and then. From the development of the first mobile app in 1993 to the present year 2020, developers have figured out numerous ways of developing an innovative app. Methods vary from application to application and operating system to operating system. Every platform works uniquely and offers separate features. Programmers make sure to take full advantage of all the characteristics being offered.
Whether you want an application to do yoga or you simply want to watch online videos, the internet is now full of useful applications which prove to be your friend in need. These applications are mostly free, hence, offering the users a variety of help without spending a dime. However, sometimes, applications are dependent on operating systems.
Mobile apps are developed using different platforms. The developer chooses from the two kinds of app development routes:
- Hybrid App
- Native App
These are the two approaches that have their pros and cons. Keeping in view the requirements and the targeted audience, the most appropriate approach is selected.
Hybrid App vs Native App:
It is challenging for a developer to choose the right approach. Following is the definition and feature-wise comparison of the two sorts of mobile apps which would probably make the answer clear to the developer. The differences and benefits of both approaches must be clearly understood in order to choose the best-suited platform for the mobile application. A developer must utilize all the available means for the development of an app.
- What is What?
Native App: These are software specific mobile apps. Native apps are coded using a particular programming language and are restricted to a definite kind of operating system.
E.g. Swift or Objective-C are only used to design iOS applications or Java for android.
Hybrid App: These apps support cross-platform development. Hybrid apps are web apps that are coded using any programming language and are not restricted to a single Operating system.
- Development cost:
Cost is a factor that is taken into consideration first. While working on a project, there are a lot of departments that are to look over. Companies design a budget for each department and the development department is not usually left with a lot of budgets. Hence, developers are instructed to go for the approach that would not cost too much.
In this regard, hybrid apps are the winner because these kinds of mobile apps support android and iOS platforms both. There is no need for development for separate platforms, and apps can easily be available for all. Whereas for building a native app, developers have to build two different source codes, and then they can be used. For separate platforms, separate developers are to be hired, and their salary is then too added, which ultimately increases the development cost. It is believed that a company in the USA hires a developer that costs around $150 per hour.
- Development time:
Hybrid applications require one source code and that one code is released on different platforms and can be used in various ways. While when a native application is developed, two distinct codes are written and released on separate platforms. Native applications require more time to develop.
Hybrid apps are built using web technologies like HTML, CSS. Unlike native applications, they are not platform-specific programming languages. Hybrid applications are the first choice when time is the biggest challenge.
For grabbing the user’s attention, frequent updates and bug fixes are important. Updates make the user curious and more exciting. Businesses constantly update their mobile apps because they want increased brand recognition and growth in sales.
When operating systems are updated, they require updated mobile applications to support them. This comes under the maintenance department. Companies hire developers to keep a check in balance of their mobile applications and work on bugs and fix them timely. If the application type is hybrid, companies require only one developer to maintain the mobile app. But when a native app is to be maintained, separate developers are hired to keep a check and update the app timely. All applications need optimization and up to date maintenance.
The most important factor of any mobile application is the performance it gives. Performance of an app should always be the topmost priority, and when it comes to performance, no one can beat the features a native app delivers. A native mobile application is easy to design and is only targeted to a specific platform. Therefore, it does not have to deal with cross-platform issues that are faced by a hybrid app.
Native applications load faster and perform better than hybrid applications. While a hybrid application’s data is mostly loaded from a server, this step makes the app overall slower to use. Native applications are optimized for maximum performance and usability. In general, users also prefer applications that are easy and faster to use. In this regard, Native applications defeat hybrid applications.
- User experience:
When a company spends lots of money on developing a mobile app, user experience matters to them a lot. They always expect their mobile apps to be loved by the users. Users also want their favorite applications to be bug-free. People are more attracted towards applications that are faster to use, update frequently, and most importantly, they choose applications that are secure and safer to use.
Native applications do not have any loading delays and provide a smooth experience whereas hybrid applications may look like native apps too but are unable to provide the same user experience. Native apps are better performers; hence, they provide the best user experience.
The development of mobile applications will continue forever with innovations. Almost every business, be it a short enterprise or a large corporation, has a mobile app now. Mobile apps play an important role in elevating businesses. They help a business in achieving a competitive advantage in the market and reach out to their customers easily and conveniently.
Whether a business has to market a product or launch a new product line, mobile apps always come in handy. Moreover, customers can easily reach out to companies with their complaints and feedback. It also allows companies to answer their customers within minutes, hence, improving their impression on the target audience. You can easily find a mobile app development company in Dubai to carry out these tasks for you.
Mobile apps have also been targeted by innovation and are coming up with great changes. Changes here refer to programming languages, development platforms, and software specifications. All these components keep on modifying now and then. Modifications and evolution in the mobile app development world have made it easier for developers to showcase their skills and give users a seamless experience.
Every approach, be it hybrid or native, has its pros and cons. Some of the main features that are taken into account while making an important decision of choosing the right approach are listed above. Developers study their set of requirements and consult with the company regarding the budget and the time available. After examining all the needs, a suitable approach is selected. For long-term benefits, companies prefer to use native apps. Whereas when with a tight budget and a limited time frame, developers are made to choose a hybrid developmental approach.